We honour and pay respects to

past, present and future first peoples …

as a continuity of deeply spiritual knowledges, values  and skills, a culture of connectedness, we two as ancients species and environments.


As a brief story, my family are balanyini Muringong, men and women as Murungal, peoples of the pastures connected by lagoons and swamps made by lightning and flood tides, ngurra marayong, country for emu's.

bangali murura yanmalila, making paths t

Venessa Possum bangali murura yanmalila, making paths walking together, 2020, ochre and handmade paper 22 x 22 cm, copyright of the artist.

From a cultural perspective, our balanyini, men and women as caretakers of Muringong, lagoons and swamps between Nepean River and Georges Rivers acknowledge muru tugear ngun, meaning paths for we two together. 


To follow are images collected as early colonial graphic archives depicting Muringong ngurra

The first is a map of the area that became known as "The Cowpastures" after Crown appointed explorers found a cave painting of lost herds. An area highlighted in grey is muru tugear ngun. The second image is a detail of a map made by a Crown appointed botanist George Caley. The detail reveals a formation of grasses and small trees marked as E., the feature is cultivated as traditional land management. For example, burning practices used to cultivate areas for seasonal herding. Caley gave this cultural feature a Eurocentric name "Green dingle-E"  

 balanyini murungun, Revising the Colonial Archive 2020, "WHERE THE WILD HERDS WERE FOUND IN 1795" 

(1932, August 13), The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)


Detail: George Caley's Map of the "Limites of the Vaccary Forest" 1804.

The Cowpastures region: Joseph Lycett c1817, Image courtesy of NLA.

Joseph Lycett c1817.jpg

ngurra marayong, country for emu's, as seen by Lycett, Joseph & Lycett, Joseph. (1817). [Two Aborigines hunting emus] Retrieved December 14, 2020, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-138500872

Detail: George Caley "The Limits and Boundaries of the Vaccary Forest" c1804; notice the letter E. cultivated as u-shaped area for seasonal herding of kangaroo and wallaby, and below this feature a sharp bend in durrubbin (Nepean River) is our kirbuwali (shallow crossing).